The preparation and organisation of a construction site always stem from a construction, equipment, arrangement, or rehabilitation project of an infrastructure. However, the organisation of a construction site is often neglected, yet its advantages are numerous. The prevention of occupational risks involves, in particular, the anticipation of co-activity situations, the setting of realistic deadlines from the preliminary draft, the appropriate technical choices, and taking into account the site's environment. An organised construction site is safer, improves productivity, and avoids profit loss due to delays and mishaps.
The preparation requires the owners and project managers to take, from the programming phase, all the decisions intended to contractually structure the general organisation of the operation, the realisation of the project, and the execution of the site.
No prevention without organisation and adapted deadlines
It all comes down to the pre-project phase. This is when technical options for construction and associated deadlines are made. Indeed, safety on the site will depend in part on the quality of the project preparation by the project manager.
The choices resulting from this phase are final since they are then entered into the contractual documents.
It is therefore during this pre-project phase that the role of the project manager is decisive, in particular, to ensure compatibility between the technical options, the deadlines, and the health and safety of the workers.
Plan accordingly to constraints
The first step is to document your goals and create a timeline for the project. In the construction plan, there is a list of necessary resources and estimated costs. By gathering all of this information upfront you can work towards your goal and save time.
They aim to exhaustively list the safety measures that construction workers must follow before starting their jobs. Each type of task has different steps to ensure everyone's safety. Laminate these checklists and give them to all workers on the job site. They will be able to consult them daily.
Supplies and flow traffic
Before determining where materials and equipments should go, map the traffic on the worksite.
The fundamental principle of structuring the general resources and site logistics is based on the organization and mechanisation of handling and on the organisation of traffic flows (vehicles, pedestrians, horizontal and vertical supplies, etc.).
Supplies must be organised taking into account the nature of the work to be constructed and its environment. Storage areas, internal and external circulation must be clearly defined. In some cases, this requires the establishment of a logistics unit.
The collection, sorting, and disposal of site waste must also be provided for.
Protection of public areas
When construction projects take place in public spaces, it is necessary to make it as easy as possible to divert traffic while minimizing user frustration. Study the public space and draw a plan to protect visitors and vehicles.
Video surveillance is complementary because it allows you to monitor issues that you might have overlooked during the planning.
Protection of employees and equipment
Communication and training are essential to the success of a construction project. Improving safety on construction sites is about protecting employees.
Constantly monitoring the construction site, including using CCTV, can help identify potential security risks as well as keeping it secure to reduce the risk of intrusion and theft.
Throughout the project, review the plan and verify that you are progressing towards your goals. As you complete each project, determine what went well and identify areas for improvement, and document everything. The organization of the construction is still a work in progress.